Using quotes & paraphrases

Think of it as your translation of the source and its main idea. Writers use quotations to support arguments, analyze text, and enrich fiction.

  1. Quotation is used when it would strengthen your argument for the reader to see the exact words of the original source, for example, in a definition.
  2. For one, it gives you an extra angle for your story based solely on that person’s kudos.
  3. Other subjects, particularly the Natural Sciences, use quotation very sparingly, preferring to use paraphrase.
  4. Aitchison clearly sees every change in language as neither good nor bad, but inevitable…
  5. Writers should strive to avoid including too many direct quotations when writing an academic essay, as their priority should be developing original arguments.

You might ask, what else can I use besides direct quotes? Sometimes you need to translate a source for the reader. You can do this by paraphrasing and summarizing sources.

Shortening or altering a quote

Integrating keywords, ideas, and phrases without using full sentences. Note how BOTH the introductory sentence AND the direct quote are full sentences. It summarizes the main point of the direct quote you are introducing. Also note how there is no comma joining the quote to the sentence. This is because the writer used a partial quote to integrate it seamlessly without a comma.

Remember, the quote is the one part of your press release that definitely needs to sound like it comes from a human. If you’re addressing a journalist audience, understand that a well-worded quote could be used as part of their headline, a cross-head, as part of the body copy, an example of outline for essay image caption, a pull-quote. And to be fair, there’s no real downside to including a quote so long as you’re thoughtful about it. It’s just that most press releases get it horribly, horribly wrong. The quote is the only part of your press release that journalists can’t change.

Attribute your press release quote to a name people recognize

Longer quotations of this sort are more common in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences. Hoult argues that setting targets for achievement can be an effective way of managing study time, and may encourage task completion. Set yourself a target – perhaps of writing 500 words per session – and make this a minmum target, regardless of how long it takes you to do. This method has that inbuilt incentive for you to finish the work as soon as possible. If you finish the work quickly then the rest of the day/evening or weekend is your own to do what you like with it. The 5 Types of Plagiarism | Explanations & Examples The five most common types of plagiarism are global, verbatim, paraphrasing, patchwork, and self-plagiarism.

  1. Subject–verb agreement, as you’ve probably learned, is the rule that the subject in a sentence…
  2. Did you notice that the introductory signal phrase does not include a summary of the source’s main idea?
  3. Often, incorporating a quote smoothly into your text requires you to make some changes to the original text.
  4. You’ll likely want the name of your brand, product or project to be clearly mentioned in your press release quote, but be conscious of how it makes the quote sound.
  5. For example, ‘My wife said to me, “you never do enough work around the house”, which I think is unfair’.

Leave a space on both sides of the indented quotation and introduce the quotation with a colon. I should define punctuation as being governed two-thirds by rule and one-third by personal taste.

Key points

Because you are citing text from a specific page in the original, it is common practice to include the page number in the reference so the reader can find it directly without having to read the whole source. Quoting is where you copy an author’s text word for word, place double quotation marks around the words and add a citation at the end of the quote.

Single quotation marks are more common in UK academic writing, but double quotation marks, though used more in American English, are also acceptable depending on the referencing style. YesNoPlacement of the full-stop.Inside the closing quotation markOutside the closing quotationIs the quotation a full sentence in its own right?

Use your press release quote to add personality, not parrot information

Find out more on the OU library’sreferencing and plagiarismarea. Each quotation must have a reference, which should appear in brackets immediately afterwards, either naming the original source or using a number with a numbered reference at the end. In-text citation in APA style includes the author’s name, the year of publication, and the page number. A quote that is longer than 4 lines is called a block quote. The two main citation styles you will use in an English class are MLA and APA.

introduce quotes

The first one is the participant’s point of view with no indication about your point of view. The second one is the participant’s how long is a standard essay point of view, which you agree with, and the third is your point of view, which is supported by Participant 1.

Q How do I cite someone who is not the author of the source?

If you leave out a word or phrase, then indicate what you have done by putting an ellipsis … where the word or phrase was. When citing in APA style, you will NOT need to include any type of locator how to write an enduring issue essay if a page number is not available. Historian Edith Hall explains how ancient Greek and Roman texts were recorded on papyrus, which was “extremely vulnerable to wear and tear” (p. 4).

  1. YesNoPlacement of the full-stop.Inside the closing quotation markOutside the closing quotationIs the quotation a full sentence in its own right?
  2. So, it’s best to use quotes sparingly and keep them short-and-sweet.
  3. I certainly wouldn’t like to have spoken to him without having researched the subject before, because I didn’t know anything about it and I wouldn’t have known the questions to ask .
  4. No punctuation mark should be used if it is not necessary.
  5. In-text citation appears in parentheses after the quote.
  6. For example, if you are writing an English Literature essay.

When a direct quotation is a complete sentence, the first letter has to be capitalized. Direct quotations are quotations that a writer takes verbatim from another source. A hook is a quote, question, or some form of engaging comment that draws a reader how to state an article in an essay into your essay. Writers commit plagiarism when they do not use quotations for information from an outside source or provide references for quotations. If you don’t feel that a quotation is necessary, you can also paraphrase a source in your own words.

Complete guide to APA

Direct quotations are verbatim quotations that require quotation marks. There are several types of quotations, and the formatting and referencing style for quotations vary a bit depending on the type used. Say you are writing a 5 paragraph essay about the importance of the Civil Rights movement. To draw readers into this topic, you might include a snippet of the speech given by Martin Luther King, Jr. at the March on Washington in 1963.

If text is removed from a quotation for reasons of clarity and length or if it ends mid-sentence in the original text, use an ellipsis (…) to indicate that some of the original text is missing. Leave a space between an ellipsis and any text or punctuation, except quotation marks. There are also particular rules you should follow when introducing a quotation in your essay. No additional punctuation is required if the quote follows on naturally from the rest of the sentence, e.g. Jones asserted that ‘people need to eat more healthily to prevent an obesity crisis in the UK’. Being able to attribute quotes in a press release to a household name is a big win.

Referencing & Plagiarism Awareness: 3 How to insert citations into your assignment.

No punctuation should be used if it’s not doing any work. The best way to integrate a quote is to use a blended partial quote. A blended partial quote is a phrase from a source that doesn’t form a full sentence. You can blend partial quotes into your sentences more smoothly than full-sentence direct quotes.

introduce quotes

The first is to present your interpretation of findings and then follow with a quotation to illustrate your description. This gives the reader the information to judge whether or not your interpretation represents the data.

Study with Liverpool

When writing, use a balanced blend of direct quote, paraphrase, and summary. Writers use quotations to support arguments, add new perspectives to their writing, or analyze text. Direct quotations from fiction novels like this can be used as evidence in an analytical essay. For example, imagine a writer wanting types of hooks for essays to argue that Gatsby’s love for Daisy caused his downfall. They might reference the above dialogue as evidence for this claim. Secondly, you can use quotations as a form of evidence in the body paragraphs of your 5 paragraph essay. This evidence would help support the specific argument of a given paragraph.

introduce quotes

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